|Achievements of the Second International Polar Year|Elzinga, A. (2010). Achievements of the Second International Polar Year, in: Barr, S. et al. (Ed.) The history of the International Polar Years (IPYs). From Pole to Pole, : pp. 211-234. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-3-642-12402-0_8
In: From Pole to Pole. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 2193-7338, more
The context and conditions of research and monitoring at the time of IPY-2 had changed dramatically compared to those obtaining during IPY-1. In this respect at least six aspects must be considered when it comes to assessing achievements and limitations 1932–1933: (i) geopolitics and economics, (ii) practical benefits and concerns at the time, (iii) the organizational framework of the enterprise, (iv) logistics, including new modes of communication and transportation, (v) new instruments and other tools for research on and monitoring of geophysical phenomena, particularly in the domains of meteorology, geomagnetics and aurorae and (vi) the advent of a new hypothetico-deductive ideal of science that to some extent moderated the force of the older inductivist epistemology that had permeated the activities of IPY-1.