|Origins of the International Geophysical Year|Bulkeley, R. (2010). Origins of the International Geophysical Year, in: Barr, S. et al. (Ed.) The history of the International Polar Years (IPYs). From Pole to Pole, : pp. 235-238. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-3-642-12402-0_9
In: From Pole to Pole. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 2193-7338, more
The International Geophysical Year (IGY, now often referred to as IPY-3) was suggested as a Third Polar Year on the evening of Wednesday, 5 April 1950, at 1105 Meurilee Lane, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA (Fig. 9.1). (In 1946 the Geological Society of South Africa had put a similar proposal before the British Polar Committee, which turned it down.) The occasion was an informal dinner party at the home of upper atmosphere physicist James (1914–2006) and mathematician Abigail Halsey (1922–) Van Allen, and their guests were Sydney Chapman (1888–1970, visiting from Britain), Merle Tuve (1901–1982), Lloyd Berkner (1905–1967), Harry Vestine (1906–1968), Wallace Joyce (1907–1970) and Fred Singer (1924–).1 All except Tuve, Vestine and Abigail Van Allen were working directly or indirectly for the US government at the time.