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Comparison of TEX86 and UK37 temperature proxies in sinking particles in the Cariaco Basin
Turich, C.; Schouten, S.; Thunell, R.C.; Varela, R.; Astor, Y.; Wakeham, S.G. (2013). Comparison of TEX86 and UK37 temperature proxies in sinking particles in the Cariaco Basin. Deep-Sea Res., Part 1, Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 78: 115-133. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2013.02.008
In: Deep-Sea Research, Part I. Oceanographic Research Papers. Elsevier: Oxford. ISSN 0967-0637, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Author keywords
    Paleotemperature proxy; U-37(K '); TEX86; Cariaco Basin; Alkenone;Archaeal lipids; Sediment trap

Authors  Top 
  • Turich, C.
  • Schouten, S., more
  • Thunell, R.C.
  • Varela, R.
  • Astor, Y.
  • Wakeham, S.G.

Abstract
    The Cariaco Basin, a silled, permanently anoxic basin on the continental shelf of Venezuela with a dynamic chemocline (-240-350 m), has been subject of > 20 years of oceanographic observation and sediment trap studies. We evaluated U-37(K') and the TEX86 temperature proxies using sinking particles collected in shallow sediment trap samples at 275 m (Trap A) and 455 m (Trap B) (within and below the chemocline). The organic geochemical temperature proxies, U-37(K'). (based on coccolithophorid alkenone lipids) and TEX86 (based on archaeal glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) lipids), use observed relationships between the ratio of specific lipids and measured sea surface temperature to hindcast past sea surface temperatures. In this study, both U-37(K') and TEX86 temperature proxies record seasonal temperature variations, including the cooling associated with upwelling events. U-37(K')-based temperatures are colder than measured sea surface temperatures, and better correlated temperature at the chlorophyll maximum. In sediment trap material collected below the chemocline (Trap B),U-37(K') values are higher than those in Trap A. Warmer subchemocline U-37(K') based temperatures may be related to autooxidation of sinking particles, either by small amounts of available oxygen or by alternate electron acceptors concentrated in the biologically dynamic chemocline (e.g. intermediate sulfur compounds). The absolute flux weighted TEX86 temperature values measured in sinking particles from Trap A match the measured SST well. The differences in the TEX86 values between Traps A and B are small and reflect less impact of degradation. Overall, the TEX86 temperatures in sinking particles in the Cariaco Basin reflect annual SST.

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