IMIS | Flanders Marine Institute
 

Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research

IMIS

Publications | Institutes | Persons | Datasets | Projects | Maps
[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Printer-friendly version

Relative sea-level rise around East Antarctica during Oligocene glaciation
Stocchi, P.; Escutia, C.; Houben, A.J.P.; Vermeersen, B.L.A.; Bijl, P.K.; Brinkhuis, H.; DeConto , R.M.; Galeotti, S.; Passchier, S.; Pollard, D.; IODP Expedition 318 Scientists; Houben, A.J.P. (2013). Relative sea-level rise around East Antarctica during Oligocene glaciation. Nature Geoscience 6(5): 380-384. dx.doi.org/10.1038/NGEO1783
In: Nature Geoscience. Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 1752-0894, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Authors  Top 
  • Stocchi, P., more
  • Escutia, C.
  • Houben, A.J.P.
  • Vermeersen, B.L.A., more
  • Bijl, P.K.
  • Brinkhuis, H., more
  • DeConto , R.M.
  • Galeotti, S.
  • Passchier, S.
  • Pollard, D.
  • IODP Expedition 318 Scientists
  • Houben, A.J.P.

Abstract
    During the middle and late Eocene (similar to 48-34 Myr ago), the Earth's climate cooled(1,2) and an ice sheet built up on Antarctica. The stepwise expansion of ice on Antarctica(3,4) induced crustal deformation and gravitational perturbations around the continent. Close to the ice sheet, sea level rose(5,6) despite an overall reduction in the mass of the ocean caused by the transfer of water to the ice sheet. Here we identify the crustal response to ice-sheet growth by forcing a glacial-hydro isostatic adjustment model(7) with an Antarctic ice-sheet model. We find that the shelf areas around East Antarctica first shoaled as upper mantle material upwelled and a peripheral forebulge developed. The inner shelf subsequently subsided as lithosphere flexure extended outwards from the ice-sheet margins. Consequently the coasts experienced a progressive relative sea-level rise. Our analysis of sediment cores from the vicinity of the Antarctic ice sheet are in agreement with the spatial patterns of relative sea-level change indicated by our simulations. Our results are consistent with the suggestion(8) that near-field processes such as local sea-level change influence the equilibrium state obtained by an ice-sheet grounding line.

All data in IMIS is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors