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Functional responses and scaling in predator-prey interactions of marine fishes: contemporary issues and emerging concepts
Hunsicker, M.E.; Ciannelli, L.; Bailey, K.M.; Buckel, J.A.; White, J.W.; Link, J.S.; Essington, T.E.; Gaichas, S.; Anderson, T.W.; Brodeur, R.D.; Chan, K.S.; Chen, K.; Englund, G.; Frank, K.T.; Freitas, V.; Hixon, M.A.; Hurst, T.; Johnson, D.W.; Kitchell, J.F.; Reese, D.; Rose, G.A.; Sjodin, H.; Sydeman, W.J.; van der Veer, H.W.; Vollset, K.; Zador, S. (2011). Functional responses and scaling in predator-prey interactions of marine fishes: contemporary issues and emerging concepts. Ecol. Lett. 14(12): 1288-1299.
In: Ecology Letters. Blackwell: Oxford. ISSN 1461-023X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
Document type: Review

Author keywords
    Ecosystem models; individual-based models; marine fisheries;multi-species model; predator responses; predation; populationregulation; scaling

Authors  Top 
  • Hunsicker, M.E.
  • Ciannelli, L.
  • Bailey, K.M.
  • Buckel, J.A.
  • White, J.W.
  • Link, J.S.
  • Essington, T.E.
  • Gaichas, S.
  • Anderson, T.W.
  • Brodeur, R.D.
  • Chan, K.S.
  • Chen, K.
  • Englund, G.
  • Frank, K.T.
  • Freitas, V., more
  • Hixon, M.A.
  • Hurst, T.
  • Johnson, D.W.
  • Kitchell, J.F.
  • Reese, D.
  • Rose, G.A.
  • Sjodin, H.
  • Sydeman, W.J., more
  • van der Veer, H.W., more
  • Vollset, K.
  • Zador, S.

    Predatorprey interactions are a primary structuring force vital to the resilience of marine communities and sustainability of the worlds oceans. Human influences on marine ecosystems mediate changes in species interactions. This generality is evinced by the cascading effects of overharvesting top predators on the structure and function of marine ecosystems. It follows that ecological forecasting, ecosystem management, and marine spatial planning require a better understanding of food web relationships. Characterising and scaling predatorprey interactions for use in tactical and strategic tools (i.e. multi-species management and ecosystem models) are paramount in this effort. Here, we explore what issues are involved and must be considered to advance the use of predatorprey theory in the context of marine fisheries science. We address pertinent contemporary ecological issues including (1) the approaches and complexities of evaluating predator responses in marine systems; (2) the scaling up of predatorprey interactions to the population, community, and ecosystem level; (3) the role of predatorprey theory in contemporary fisheries and ecosystem modelling approaches; and (4) directions for the future. Our intent is to point out needed research directions that will improve our understanding of predatorprey interactions in the context of the sustainable marine fisheries and ecosystem management.

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