|Burial history of Palaeozoic strata in Belgium as revealed by conodont colour alteration data and thickness distributions|Helsen, S. (1995). Burial history of Palaeozoic strata in Belgium as revealed by conodont colour alteration data and thickness distributions. Geol. Rundsch. 84(4): 738-747. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s005310050036
In: Geologische Rundschau. Springer Verlag: Berlin; Heidelberg. ISSN 0016-7835, more
Devonian period; Conodonta; Belgium, Philippeville [Marine Regions]; Marine
burial history; Devonian; carboniferous; thickness distribution;conodont colour alteration index; thermal maturation; Belgium
Thickness distributions of Devono-Carboniferous formations and their relationship to conodont colour alteration indices (CAIs) from over 500 sample locations in Belgium and northern France have been studied to reconstruct the thermal alteration and burial history of Palaeozoic rocks. The depositional centre during Eifelian through Visean times was located in the subsiding southern part of the Dinant Basin, forming a thick sedimentary pile of probably more than 3.5 km. In order to explain conodont CAIs chiefly resulting from Upper Carboniferous sedimentation, two different depositional centres are considered, giving rise to approximately 4.5 km of sediment in the central part of the Dinant and Namur Basins. As a consequence of the northward shifting Variscan fold belt, the Upper Carboniferous succession in the southern part of the Dinant Basin and in the Rocroi area was reduced or absent. Conodont CAIs together with other thermal alteration data from the Condroz Massif indicate that this area was a structural ''high'' for most of the Devonian. The Brabant Massif was probably covered with approximately 1.5-2.0 km of Upper Carboniferous sediments in the south and less than 1.0 km in the central and northern parts. In the central Campine Basin Visean strata could have been buried by 3.5-4.5 km of Upper Carboniferous rocks.