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Waulsortian buildups of Waulsort, Belgium
Dehantschutter, J.A.E.; Lees, A. (1996). Waulsortian buildups of Waulsort, Belgium. Geol. J. 31(2): 123-142. dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1034(199606)31:2<123::AID-GJ702>3.3.CO;2-N
In: Geological Journal. Liverpool Geological Society/Manchester Geological Association: Liverpool. ISSN 0072-1050, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Conodonta; Foraminifera [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Belgium; Dinantian; sedimentology; limestones; Waulsortian buildups;mud-mounds; palaeobathymetry; biostratigraphy; conodonts; foraminiferans

Authors  Top 
  • Dehantschutter, J.A.E.
  • Lees, A.

Abstract
    The biostratigraphy and sedimentology of the late Tournaisian, Waulsortian buildups of the type area, at Waulsort (Belgium), are examined in detail. Four buildups are present. Overall, they span the stratigraphic interval from the base of the Ivorian stage to the lower part of the Moliniacian stage, ending just below the base of the Visian.
    Petrographic study shows that all Waulsortian Phases are represented, the older buildups being of Phases A and B, whereas the youngest ranges through Phases A to D. The relatively crude Phase classification is refined by correspondence analysis, which shows that the grain types present in the Waulsortian and associated limestones conform closely to the relay (systematic shift of relative importance of grain types) described from other Waulsortian buildups in Belgium.
    A Relay Index, derived from the correspondence analysis and defining the position of each sample in the compositional relay, is plotted on stratigraphic logs of the sections studied to allow detailed comparison with other Waulsortian and peri-Waulsortian sections in the Dinant area for which similar curves already exist. The Waulsort buildups are found to fit closely into the depositional and palaeobathymetric patterns established or suspected in the area. Two shallowing upward sequences seem to be present, separated by an abrupt deepening. The earlier, relatively minor shallowing trend, in the Polygnathus communis carina Zone, is here recorded in buildup facies for the first time: previous evidence had come from the laterally equivalent facies. The other shallowing trend, which extends through the Scaliognathus anchoralis Zone and culminates near the base of the Moliniacian stage, is the regional, late Tournaisian regression which had a major influence on the biota of the Waulsortian banks in Belgium and was probably largely responsible for cessation of bank growth over most of the area.

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