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Monitoring offshore wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea: Setting the Scene
Brabant, R.; Degraer, S.; Rumes, B. (2013). Monitoring offshore wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea: Setting the Scene, in: Degraer, S. et al. (Ed.) Environmental impacts of offshore wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea: Learning from the past to optimise future monitoring programmes. pp. 15-23
In: Degraer, S. et al. (Ed.) (2013). Environmental impacts of offshore wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea: Learning from the past to optimise future monitoring programmes. Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), Operational Directorate Natural Environment, Marine Ecology and Management Section: Brussels. ISBN 978-90-9027-928-2. 239 pp., more

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Keyword
    Marine

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Abstract
    Offshore wind farms are expected to contribute for about 43% of the Belgian 2020 targets for renewable energy. Today, 109 turbines are operational in the Belgian part of the North Sea. In the next few years, several hundred of turbines will be up and running. With 238 km² reserved for offshore wind farms, major ecological impacts may however be expected. These impacts both positive and negative, triggered an environmental monitoring programme focusing on various aspects of the marine ecosystem components, but also on the human appreciation of offshore wind farms. This report targeting marine scientists, policy makers and managers, provides an overview of the major scientific achievements of six years of monitoring.

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