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Fouling community on the foundations of wind turbines and the surrounding scour protection
De Mesel, I.; Kerckhof, F.; Rumes, B.; Norro, A.; Houziaux, J.-S.; Degraer, S. (2013). Fouling community on the foundations of wind turbines and the surrounding scour protection, in: Degraer, S. et al. (Ed.) Environmental impacts of offshore wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea: Learning from the past to optimise future monitoring programmes. pp. 123-137
In: Degraer, S. et al. (Ed.) (2013). Environmental impacts of offshore wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea: Learning from the past to optimise future monitoring programmes. Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), Operational Directorate Natural Environment, Marine Ecology and Management Section: Brussels. ISBN 978-90-9027-928-2. 239 pp., more

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Keyword
    Marine

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Abstract
    The introduction of hard substrata in the mainly sandy environment of the Belgian part of the North Sea provides a new habitat to species that could previously not establish in the area. The community is dominated by the amphipod Jassa herdmani, the hydroids Tubularia larynx and T. indivisa and Actiniaria species, of which the plumose anemone Metridium senile is the most dominant. Only few species, especially those arriving early in the colonization process, are able to establish a viable population. The vertical foundations and the complex three-dimensional structure of the scour protection harbour different fouling communities.

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