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Optimising the future Belgian offshore wind farm monitoring programme
Degraer, S.; De Mesel, I.; Baeye, M.; Botteldooren, D.; Brabant, R.; Coates, D.; Courtens, W.; Debusschere, E.; Dekoninck, L.; De Maersschalck, V.; Deschutter, Y.; Derweduwen, J; Di Marcantonio, M.; Dulière, V.; Fettweis, M.; Francken, F.; Haelters, J.; Haerens, P.; Hostens, K.; Houthaeve, R.; Houziaux, J.-S.; Kerckhof, F.; Mathys, M.; Norro, A.; Onkelinx, T.; Reubens, J.; Rumes, B.; Sas, M.; Stienen, E.W.M.; Vanaverbeke, J.; Vandendriessche, S.; Vanden Eede, S.; Van den Eynde, D.; Van de walle, M.; Vanermen, N.; Van Hoey, G.; Vanhulle, A.; Van Lancker, V.; Van Renterghem, T.; Verstraete, H.; Vigin, L.; Vincx, M. (2013). Optimising the future Belgian offshore wind farm monitoring programme, in: Degraer, S. et al. (Ed.) Environmental impacts of offshore wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea: Learning from the past to optimise future monitoring programmes. pp. 193-197
In: Degraer, S. et al. (Ed.) (2013). Environmental impacts of offshore wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea: Learning from the past to optimise future monitoring programmes. Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), Operational Directorate Natural Environment, Marine Ecology and Management Section: Brussels. ISBN 978-90-9027-928-2. 239 pp., more

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Keyword
    Marine

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Abstract
    Six years of monitoring triggered a reflection on how to best continue with the monitoring programme. The basic monitoring has to be rationalised at the level of the likelihood of impact detection, the meaningfulness of impact size and representativeness of the findings. Targeted monitoring should continue to disentangle processes behind the observed impact, for instance the overarching artificial reef effect created by wind farms. The major challenge however remains to achieve a reliable assessment of the cumulative impacts. Continuing consultation and collaboration within the Belgian offshore wind farm monitoring team and with foreign marine scientists and managers will ensure an optimisation of the future monitoring programme.

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