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The 2009 Samoan and 2010 Chilean tsunamis recorded on the Pacific coast of Russia
Shevchenko, G.; Ivelskaya, T.; Loskutov, A.; Shishkin, A. (2013). The 2009 Samoan and 2010 Chilean tsunamis recorded on the Pacific coast of Russia. Pure Appl. Geophys. 170(9-10): 1511-1527 . hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00024-012-0562-9
In: Pure and Applied Geophysics. Birkhäuser: Basel. ISSN 0033-4553, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Long waves; Spectral analysis; INW, Russia, Kuril I. [Marine Regions]; Marine
Author keywords
    Tsunami measurements; Tsunami warning service; Resonant mode; Bottom pressure gauge

Authors  Top 
  • Shevchenko, G.
  • Ivelskaya, T.
  • Loskutov, A.
  • Shishkin, A.

Abstract
    Two remote tsunamis were recorded on the Pacific coast of Russia: a relatively weak Samoan tsunami of September 29, 2009 and a much stronger Chilean tsunami of February 28, 2010. In the area of the South Kuril Islands, records were obtained using autonomous bottom pressure gauges of the Institute of Marine Geology and Geophysics (IMGG). Additionally, for the oceanic coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula, Paramushir, and Bering Islands we used data transmitted from coastal tide gauges of the Russian Tsunami Warning Service (TWS). The maximum trough-to-crest heights of the Samoan tsunami were about 30–40 cm, and were recorded about 3 h after the first tsunami arrival. The maximum Chilean tsunami trough-to-crest wave heights were 218 cm at Severo-Kurilsk, 187 cm at Tserkovnaya Bay (Shikotan Island), and 140 cm at Khodutka Bay (Kamchatka Peninsula). The time between first and maximum waves reached 4 h. Strong sea level oscillations for both events range for a long time: about 15–17 h. The Samoan tsunami induced high-frequency oscillations; a considerable increase in spectral energy in the tsunami spectrum was observed at periods of 4–20 min. In contrast, the Chilean tsunami induced low-frequency oscillations; the dominant periods were 30–80 min. A probable reason for these differences is the different extensions of the source areas (the Chilean source was much larger than the Samoan source) and the different energy radiation directions from the sources. Local topography resonant effects were the main reason of well-expressed peaks in power spectra in different areas: with a period of 10 min (Khodutka Bay), 19–20 min (Malokurilskaya and Tserkovnaya bays), 29 min (Krabovaya Inlet), and 43 min (Avachinskaya Guba and Nikolskoe).

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