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Sedimentary features of tsunami deposits in carbonate-dominated beach environments: A case study from the 25 October 2010 Mentawai tsunami
Sulastya Putra, P.; Nishimura, Y.; Yulianto, E. (2013). Sedimentary features of tsunami deposits in carbonate-dominated beach environments: A case study from the 25 October 2010 Mentawai tsunami. Pure Appl. Geophys. 170(9-10): 1583-1600 . hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00024-012-0539-8
In: Pure and Applied Geophysics. Birkhäuser: Basel. ISSN 0033-4553, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Density; Foraminifera; Grain size; Sedimentology; Marine
Author keywords
    Tsunami deposits; Carbonate-dominated setting; Mentawai 2010

Authors  Top 
  • Sulastya Putra, P.
  • Nishimura, Y.
  • Yulianto, E.

Abstract
    This study provides a case history of tsunami deposition in a carbonate-dominated environmental setting. We present the results of a sedimentological investigation conducted on deposits formed by the 25 October 2010 Mentawai Island Tsunami and report on deposits analyzed at three sites on North Pagai Island: Sabeu Gunggung, Macaroni Resort, and Tumalei. The deposits are mainly composed of medium to coarse sand-sized fragments of corals, shells and foraminifera, with thickness ranging from 3 to 26 cm. The deposits consist of two to five layers, with fining-upward trends dominating. Local topography noticeably affects the thickness, number of layers, and distribution of tsunami deposits. The foraminiferal assemblage and diversity vary at each sample point, along transect and between different transects. Based on the foraminiferal content, most of the deposit material likely came from shallower depths. In addition, density distribution of the tsunami deposit material exhibits some degree of variability in terms of the range of densities in each sample and the trend of the overall density along each transect. In contrast to heavy mineral-dominated deposits, the density of carbonate grains as a function of size may be an important consideration when carbonate-dominated deposits are used to interpret hydraulic conditions that created a particular tsunami deposit. Since there are relatively few studies of tsunami deposits in carbonate-dominated environmental settings such as the Mentawai Islands, our study provides a useful case history of tsunami deposition in such an environmental setting.

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