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Ocean Acidification: Summary for Policymakers. Third Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World
Broadgate, W.; Gaffney, O.; Isensee, K.; Riebesell, U.; Urban, E.; Valdés, L. (Ed.) (2013). Ocean Acidification: Summary for Policymakers. Third Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World. IGBP: Stockholm.

Available in  Authors 
Document type: Summary

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Broadgate, W., editor
  • Gaffney, O., editor
  • Isensee, K., editor
  • Riebesell, U., editor
  • Urban, E., editor
  • Valdés, L., editor

Abstract
    Atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) levels are rising as a result of human activities, such as fossil fuel burning, and are increasing the acidity of seawater. This process is known as ocean acidification. Historically, the ocean has absorbed approximately 30% of all CO2 released into the atmosphere by humans since the start of the industrial revolution, resulting in a 26% increase in the acidity of the ocean. Ocean acidification causes ecosystems and marine biodiversity to change. It has the potential to affect food security and it limits the capacity of the ocean to absorb CO2 from human emissions. The economic impact of ocean acidification could be substantial. Reducing CO2 emissions is the only way to minimise long-term, large-scale risks.

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