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Nephrops fisheries in European waters
Ungfors, A.; Bell, E.; Johnson, M.L.; Cowing, D.; Dobson, N.C.; Rublitz, R.; Sandell, J. (2013). Nephrops fisheries in European waters. Adv. Mar. Biol. 64: 247-314. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/B978-0-12-410466-2.00007-8
In: Advances in Marine Biology. Academic Press: London, New York. ISSN 0065-2881, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Fisheries management; Norway lobsters; Stock assessment; Nephrops norvegicus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    Trawl evolution; Creel fisheries; TAC; Functional units; UWTV

Authors  Top 
  • Ungfors, A.
  • Bell, E.
  • Johnson, M.L.
  • Cowing, D.
  • Dobson, N.C.
  • Rublitz, R.
  • Sandell, J.

Abstract
    This review focuses on the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) as a resource, describing how the fishery has developed from the 1960s to the present day to become one of the most economically important fisheries in Europe. In 2010, the total landings were 66,500 tonnes, of which UK fishers landed a significant part (58.1%). The Nephrops fishery is also important for countries such as Ireland (11.7% of the total) and Sweden (1.9%) where it is of regional importance. Some are also taken in the Mediterranean, where Italian, Spanish and Greek fishers together take approximately 7% of the total landing. More than 95% of Nephrops are taken using single- or multi-rig trawlers targeting Nephrops or in mixed species fisheries. In regions such as Western Scotland and the Swedish West Coast, creel fisheries account for up to a quarter of the total landings. Across the range, a small proportion (<5%) is taken using traps in a fishery characterised by larger sized animals that gain a higher price and have lower discard and by-catches of ground fish with low mortalities. The trawling sector, however, is reducing the by-catches of ground fish with the aid of technical measures, such as square-mesh panels and grids and national systems of incentives. Assessments for Nephrops are operated via the 34 functional units (FUs) regarded as stocks. Changes in management procedures have arisen as a result of the advisory input from underwater TV fishery-independent stock surveys. The total allowable catch does not follow FUs but is agreed upon per management area.

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