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The protection of specific sea areas against marine debris
Peet, G. (1990). The protection of specific sea areas against marine debris, in: Shomura, R.S. et al. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Marine Debris 2-7 April 1989, Honolulu, Hawaii, volume 2. NOAA Technical Memorandum, NMFS-SWFSC(154): pp. 1034-1044
In: Shomura, R.S.; Godfrey, M.L. (1990). Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Marine Debris 2-7 April 1989, Honolulu, Hawaii, volume 2. NOAA Technical Memorandum, NMFS-SWFSC(154). US Department of Commerce, NOAA: Panama City. VI, 775-1274 pp., more
In: NOAA Technical Memorandum. US Department of Commerce. NOAA. National Marine Fisheries Service. Southeast Fisheries Center, more

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    VLIZ: Proceedings [23326]

Keyword
    Marine

Author  Top 
  • Peet, G.

Abstract
    The problems associated with debris in the marine environment are being given increased attention. At the international level this attention is reflected in a number of international agreements. Most of the relevant international regulations aim at reduction of debris-associated pollution at the source. In addition to policies aimed at source control, efforts are also made to develop protective measures for specific sea areas. Thi8 paper discusses efforts currently under way within the framework of the International Maritime Organization. In the mid-1980's, the International Maritime Organization decided to develop guidelines for the designation of special areas and the identification of “particularly sensitive areas.” These guidelines should assist national authorities in developing measures to provide specific areas with additional protection from environmental damage caused by shipping activities. The Baltic Sea became a special area as of 1 October 1989. The United States has announced a proposal to designate the Gulf of Mexico as an Annex V special area as well. The Governments of the North Sea States have formally proposed to do the same for the North Sea. Another major option to protect specific sea areas is the designation “area to be avoided by ships.” The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are an example of such an area.

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