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Parallel evolution in European rugose corals of the genus Lonsdaleia McCoy, 1849 (Lower Carboniferous)
Poty, E.; Hecker, M.R. (2003). Parallel evolution in European rugose corals of the genus Lonsdaleia McCoy, 1849 (Lower Carboniferous). Bull. Kon. Belg. Inst. Natuurwet. Aardwet. = Bull. - Inst. r. sci. nat. Belg., Sci. Terre 73: 109-135
In: Bulletin van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen. Aardwetenschappen = Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Sciences de la Terre. KBIN: Brussel. ISSN 0374-6291, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
Author keywords
    Lonsdaleia, evolution, variability, Lower Carboniferous, Europe

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Abstract
    Two lineages, both leading to cerioid and subcerioid species, can be discerned in the evolution of the genus Lonsdaleia McCoy, 1849: L. (Lonsdaleia) duplicata (MARTIN, 1809) gave rise to the subgenus Actinocyathus D'ORBIGNY, 1849 (considered here as a subgenus of Lonsdaleia) at the beginning of the latest Visean in northern Europe, and L. (Lonsdaleia) redondensis sp. nov. or a related species possibly evolved into L. (Serraphyllum) subgen. nov. near the Visean/Serpukhovian transition in South France. Three new species of the genus Lonsdaleia are described from the uppermost Visean and Serpukhovian of the Montagne Noire (South France), including two species assigned to the subgenus L. (Serraphyllum). Two species of the subgenus L. (Actinocyathus) are redescribed from the Serpukhovian of the Moscow Basin. Parallel evolution in Actinocyathus and Serraphyllum during the Serpukhovian is discussed.

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