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Contemporary sediment-transport processes in submarine canyons
Puig, P.; Palanques, A.; Martin, J. (2014). Contemporary sediment-transport processes in submarine canyons. Ann. Rev. Mar. Sci. 6: 53-77. hdl.handle.net/10.1146/annurev-marine-010213-135037
In: Annual Review of Marine Science. Annual Reviews: Palo Alto, Calif.. ISSN 1941-1405, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    turbidity currents, hyperpycnal flows, sediment failures, dense shelf-water cascading, bottom trawling, internal waves

Authors  Top 
  • Puig, P.
  • Palanques, A.
  • Martin, J.

Abstract
    Submarine canyons are morphological incisions into continental margins that act as major conduits of sediment from shallow- to deep-sea regions. However, the exact mechanisms involved in sediment transfer within submarine canyons are still a subject of investigation. Several studies have provided direct information about contemporary sedimentary processes in submarine canyons that suggests different modes of transport and various triggering mechanisms. Storm-induced turbidity currents and enhanced off-shelf advection, hyperpycnal flows and failures of recently deposited fluvial sediments, dense shelf-water cascading, canyon-flank failures, and trawling-induced resuspension largely dominate present-day sediment transfer through canyons. Additionally, internal waves periodically resuspend ephemeral deposits within canyons and contribute to dispersing particles or retaining and accumulating them in specific regions. These transport processes commonly deposit sediments in the upper- and middle-canyon reaches for decades or centuries before being completely or partially flushed farther down-canyon by large sediment failures.

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