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Untangling the Spurilla neapolitana (Delle Chiaje, 1841) species complex: a review of the genus Spurilla Bergh, 1864 (Mollusca: Nudibranchia: Aeolidiidae)
Carmona, L.; Lei, B.R.; Pola, M.; Gosliner, T.M.; Valdés, Á.; Cervera, J.L. (2014). Untangling the Spurilla neapolitana (Delle Chiaje, 1841) species complex: a review of the genus Spurilla Bergh, 1864 (Mollusca: Nudibranchia: Aeolidiidae). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 170(1): 132-154. hdl.handle.net/10.1111/zoj.12098
In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Academic Press: London. ISSN 0024-4082, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Phylogeny; Systematics; Taxonomy; Gastropoda [WoRMS]; Heterobranchia [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Cryptic species; Marine biodiversity; Molluscan diversity

Authors  Top 
  • Carmona, L.
  • Lei, B.R.
  • Pola, M.
  • Gosliner, T.M.
  • Valdés, Á.
  • Cervera, J.L.

Abstract
    Spurilla neapolitana (Delle Chiaje, 1823) was considered to be a species with a broad geographic range and substantial colour variability; however, analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear gene data revealed that it is a complex of five distinct species. Further anatomical and morphological examinations determined that coloration is one of the main diagnostic traits for all five species, although some display substantial colour pattern variation. As a result of this study, S. neapolitana is determined to be restricted to the Mediterranean and eastern Atlantic. Spurilla sargassicola Bergh, 1871 from the Caribbean is redescribed and confirmed as a valid species. The name Spurilla braziliana MacFarland, 1909 is retained for western Atlantic and Pacific populations. Two new species are described herein. Spurilla onubensis sp. nov. occurs in Europe, with a range overlapping that of S. neapolitana. Finally, Spurilla dupontae sp. nov. is found in the Bahamas.

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