|Envisioning a marine biodiversity observation network|Duffy, J.M.; Amaral-Zettler, L.A.; Fautin, D.G.; Paulay, G.; Rynearson, T.A.; Sosik, H.M.; Stachowicz, J.J. (2013). Envisioning a marine biodiversity observation network. BioScience 63(5): 350-361 . hdl.handle.net/10.1525/bio.2013.63.5.8
In: BioScience. American Institute of Biological Sciences: Washington, D.C.. ISSN 0006-3568, more
Biodiversity observation network (BON); Biosecurity; Ecosystem-based management; Ecosystem services
|Authors|| || Top |
- Duffy, J.M.
- Amaral-Zettler, L.A.
- Fautin, D.G., more
- Paulay, G., more
- Rynearson, T.A.
- Sosik, H.M.
- Stachowicz, J.J.
Humans depend on diverse ocean ecosystems for food, jobs, and sustained well-being, yet many stressors threaten marine life. Extensive research has demonstrated that maintaining biodiversity promotes ocean health and service provision; therefore, monitoring the status and trends of marine biodiversity is important for effective ecosystem management. However, there is no systematic sustained program for evaluating ocean biodiversity. Coordinating existing monitoring and building a proactive marine biodiversity observation network will support efficient, economical resource management and conservation and should be a high priority. A synthesis of expert opinions suggests that, to be most effective, a marine biodiversity observation network should integrate biological levels, from genes to habitats; link biodiversity observations to abiotic environmental variables; site projects to incorporate environmental forcing and biogeography; and monitor adaptively to address emerging issues. We summarize examples illustrating how to leverage existing data and infrastructure to meet these goals.