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Estimates of illegal and unreported fish in seafood imports to the USA
Pramod, G.; Nakamura, K.; Pitcher, T.J. (2014). Estimates of illegal and unreported fish in seafood imports to the USA. Mar. Policy 48: 102-113.
In: Marine Policy. Pergamon: Guildford. ISSN 0308-597X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Author keywords
    Illegal fishing; Chinese reprocessing; Russian fisheries; Thailand tuna; Lacey Act; Seafood traceability

Authors  Top 
  • Pramod, G.
  • Nakamura, K.
  • Pitcher, T.J.

    Illegal and unreported catches represented 20–32% by weight of wild-caught seafood imported to the USA in 2011, as determined from robust estimates, including uncertainty, of illegal and unreported fishing activities in the source countries. These illegal imports are valued at between $1.3 and $2.1 billion, out of a total of $16.5 billion for the 2.3 million tonnes of edible seafood imports, including farmed products. This trade represents between 4% and 16% of the value of the global illegal fish catch and reveals the unintentional role of the USA, one of the largest seafood markets in the world, in funding the profits of illegal fishing. Supply chain case studies are presented for tuna, wild shrimp and Chinese re-processed Russian pollock, salmon and crab imported to the USA. To address this critical issue of unintended financing of illegal fishing, possible remedies from industry practices and government policies may include improved chain of custody and traceability controls and an amendment to the USA Lacey Act.

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