|Impact of sea-ice formation on the properties of Antarctic bottom water|
Goosse, H.; Campin, J.M.; Fichefet, T.; Deleersnijder, E. (1997). Impact of sea-ice formation on the properties of Antarctic bottom water. Ann. Glaciol. 25: 276-281
In: Annals of Glaciology. International Glaciological Society: Cambridge. ISSN 0260-3055, more
Bottom water; Ice formation; Sea ice; INE, Antarctic Bottom Water [Marine Regions]; Marine
|Authors|| || Top |
- Goosse, H., more
- Campin, J.M.
- Fichefet, T., more
- Deleersnijder, E., more
It is generally accepted that fresh-water fluxes due to ice accretion or melting profoundly influence the formation of Antarctic bottom water (AABW). This is investigated by means of a global, three-dimensional ice-ocean model. Two model runs were conducted. At the high southern latitudes, the control experiment exhibits positive (i.e. towards the ocean) fresh-water fluxes over the deep ocean, and large negative fluxes over the Antarctic continental shelf, because of the intense ice-production taking place in this region. The salinity of shelf water can increase in such a way that deep-water formation is facilitated. The simulated net fresh-water flux over the shelf has an annual mean value of -1 m a-1. This flux induces a transport of salt to bottom waters, which corresponds to an increase of their salinity estimated to be around 0.05 psu. In the second model run, the fresh-water fluxes due to ice melting or freezing are neglected, leading to a rearrangement of the water masses. In particular, the AABW-formation rate decreases, which allows the influence of North Atlantic deep water (NADW) to increase. As NADW is warmer and saltier than AABW, the bottom-water salinity and temperature become higher.