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Improved representation of tropical Pacific ocean-atmosphere dynamics in an intermediate complexity climate model
Sriver, R.L.; Timmermann, A.; Mann, M.E.; Keller, K.; Goosse, H. (2014). Improved representation of tropical Pacific ocean-atmosphere dynamics in an intermediate complexity climate model. J. Clim. 27(1): 168-185. dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00849.1
In: Journal of Climate. American Meteorological Society: Boston, MA. ISSN 0894-8755, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Author keywords
    Atmosphere-ocean interaction; Climate variability; ENSO; Climate models

Authors  Top 
  • Sriver, R.L.
  • Timmermann, A.
  • Mann, M.E.
  • Keller, K.
  • Goosse, H., more

Abstract
    A new anomaly coupling technique is introduced into a coarse-resolution dynamic climate model [the Liege Ocean Carbon Heteronomous model (LOCH)-Vegetation Continuous Description model (VECODE)-Earth System Models of Intermediate Complexity Climate deBilt (ECBILT)-Coupled Large-Scale Ice-Ocean model (CLIO)-Antarctic and Greenland Ice Sheet Model (AGISM) ensemble (LOVECLIM)], improving the model's representation of eastern equatorial Pacific surface temperature variability. The anomaly coupling amplifies the surface diabatic atmospheric forcing within a Gaussian-shaped patch applied in the tropical Pacific Ocean. It is implemented with an improved predictive cloud scheme based on empirical relationships between cloud cover and key state variables. Results are presented from a perturbed physics ensemble systematically varying the parameters controlling the anomaly coupling patch size, location, and amplitude. The model's optimal parameter combination is chosen through calibration against the observed power spectrum of monthly-mean surface temperature anomalies in the Nino-3 region. The calibrated model exhibits substantial improvement in equatorial Pacific interannual surface temperature variability and robustly reproduces El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-like variability. The authors diagnose some of the key atmospheric and oceanic feedbacks in the model important for simulating ENSO-like variability, such as the positive Bjerknes feedback and the negative heat flux feedback, and analyze the recharge-discharge of the equatorial Pacific ocean heat content. They find LOVECLIM robustly captures important ocean dynamics related to thermocline adjustment and equatorial Kelvin waves. The calibrated model demonstrates some improvement in simulating atmospheric feedbacks, but the coupling between ocean and atmosphere is relatively weak. Because of the tractability of LOVECLIM and its consequent utility in exploring long-term climate variability and large ensemble perturbed physics experiments, improved representation of tropical Pacific ocean-atmosphere dynamics in the model may more readily allow for the investigation of the role of tropical Pacific ocean-atmosphere dynamics in past climate changes.

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