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Intestinal Volvulus in Cetaceans
Begeman, L.; St Leger, J.A.; Blyde, D.J.; Jauniaux, T.P.; Lair, S.; Lovewell, G.; Raverty, S.; Seibel, H.; Siebert, U.; Staggs, S.L.; Martelli, P.; Keesler, R.I. (2013). Intestinal Volvulus in Cetaceans. Vet. Pathol. 50(4): 590-596. dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300985812465327
In: Veterinary Pathology. Sage: Thousand Oaks. ISSN 0300-9858, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 257826 [ OMA ]

Keywords
Author keywords
    cetacean; gastrointestinal; retrospective case series; enteritis;intestinal volvulus

Authors  Top 
  • Begeman, L.
  • St Leger, J.A.
  • Blyde, D.J.
  • Jauniaux, T.P., more
  • Lair, S.
  • Lovewell, G.
  • Raverty, S.
  • Seibel, H.
  • Siebert, U.
  • Staggs, S.L.
  • Martelli, P.
  • Keesler, R.I.

Abstract
    Intestinal volvulus was recognized as the cause of death in 18 cetaceans, including 8 species of toothed whales (suborder Odontoceti). Cases originated from 11 institutions from around the world and included both captive (n = 9) and free-ranging (n = 9) animals. When the clinical history was available (n = 9), animals consistently demonstrated acute dullness 1 to 5 days prior to death. In 3 of these animals (33%), there was a history of chronic gastrointestinal illness. The pathological findings were similar to those described in other animal species and humans, and consisted of intestinal volvulus and a well-demarcated segment of distended, congested, and edematous intestine with gas and bloody fluid contents. Associated lesions included congested and edematous mesentery and mesenteric lymph nodes, and often serofibrinous or hemorrhagic abdominal effusion. The volvulus involved the cranial part of the intestines in 85% (11 of 13). Potential predisposing causes were recognized in most cases (13 of 18, 72%) but were variable. Further studies investigating predisposing factors are necessary to help prevent occurrence and enhance early clinical diagnosis and management of the condition.

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