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Development of an analytical method to detect metabolites of nitrofurans: application to the study of furazolidone elimination in Vietnamese black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon)
Douny, C.; Widart, J.; De Pauw, E.; Silvestre, F.; Kestemont, P.; Tu, H.T.; Phuong, N.T.; Maghuin-Rogister, G.; Scippo, M.-L. (2013). Development of an analytical method to detect metabolites of nitrofurans: application to the study of furazolidone elimination in Vietnamese black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon). Aquaculture 376-379: 54-58. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2012.11.001
In: Aquaculture. Elsevier: Amsterdam; London; New York; Oxford; Tokyo. ISSN 0044-8486, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 279356 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Penaeus monodon Fabricius, 1798 [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    LC-MS/MS; Nitrofuran metabolites; Shrimps; Validation

Authors  Top 
  • Douny, C.
  • Widart, J., more
  • De Pauw, E., more
  • Silvestre, F., more
  • Kestemont, P., more
  • Tu, H.T.
  • Phuong, N.T.
  • Maghuin-Rogister, G.
  • Scippo, M.-L.

Abstract
    Nitrofurans, banned antibiotics in the European Union (EU), have often been found in imported aquaculture products in the past and are still found nowadays according to the Rapid Alert System for Feed and Food (RASFF) of the European Commission. A quantitative method based on liquid chromatography coupled to isotopic dilution tandem mass spectrometry (LC–IDMS/MS) was developed for the determination of the residues of four nitrofuran antibiotic residues in shrimps. The experimental protocol consisted of an acid-catalysed release of protein-bound metabolites, followed by derivatisation with 2-nitrobenzaldehyde (NBA). Then, a double liquid–liquid extraction with ethyl acetate was performed before LC–IDMS/MS analysis by positive electrospray ionisation (ES +) with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) of two transitions per compound. An “in-house” validation of the method for shrimp analysis was conducted according to the EU criteria for the analysis of veterinary drug residues in foods. The decision limits (CCalpha) were 0.08–0.36 µg kg- 1 and the detection capabilities (CCbeta) were 0.12–0.61 µg kg- 1, which are both below the minimum required performance limit (MRPL) set at 1 µg kg- 1 by the EU. The developed method was applied to evaluate the elimination of furazolidone residues in shrimp muscles after a contamination experiment. After 28 days of decontamination, a concentration of 115 µg kg- 1 of furazolidone metabolite 3-amino-2-oxazolidinone (AOZ) was still measured in the shrimp muscle.

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