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Grounding-line migration in plan-view marine ice-sheet models: results of the ice2sea MISMIP3d intercomparison
Pattyn, F.; Perichon, L.; Durand, G.; Favier, L.; Gagliardini, O.; Hindmarsh, R.C.A.; Zwinger, T.; Albrecht, T.; Cornford, S.; Docquier, D.; Fürst, J.J.; Goldberg, D.; Gudmundsson, G.H.; Humbert, A.; Hutten, M.; Huybrechts, P.; Jouvet, G.; Kleiner, T.; Larour, E.; Martin, D.; Morlighem, M.; Payne, A.J.; Pollard, D.; Ruckamp, M.; Rybak, O.; Seroussi, H.; Thoma, M.; Wilkens, N. (2013). Grounding-line migration in plan-view marine ice-sheet models: results of the ice2sea MISMIP3d intercomparison. J. Glaciol. 59(215): 410-422. dx.doi.org/10.3189/2013JoG12J129
In: Journal of Glaciology. International Glaciological Society: Cambridge. ISSN 0022-1430, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 258031 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Pattyn, F., more
  • Perichon, L., more
  • Durand, G.
  • Favier, L.
  • Gagliardini, O.
  • Hindmarsh, R.C.A.
  • Zwinger, T.
  • Albrecht, T.
  • Cornford, S.
  • Docquier, D., more
  • Fürst, J.J., more
  • Goldberg, D.
  • Gudmundsson, G.H.
  • Humbert, A.
  • Hutten, M.
  • Huybrechts, P., more
  • Jouvet, G.
  • Kleiner, T.
  • Larour, E.
  • Martin, D.
  • Morlighem, M.
  • Payne, A.J.
  • Pollard, D.
  • Ruckamp, M.
  • Rybak, O., more
  • Seroussi, H.
  • Thoma, M.
  • Wilkens, N.

Abstract
    Predictions of marine ice-sheet behaviour require models able to simulate grounding-line migration. We present results of an intercomparison experiment for plan-view marine ice-sheet models. Verification is effected by comparison with approximate analytical solutions for flux across the grounding line using simplified geometrical configurations (no lateral variations, no buttressing effects from lateral drag). Perturbation experiments specifying spatial variation in basal sliding parameters permitted the evolution of curved grounding lines, generating buttressing effects. The experiments showed regions of compression and extensional flow across the grounding line, thereby invalidating the boundary layer theory. Steady-state grounding-line positions were found to be dependent on the level of physical model approximation. Resolving grounding lines requires inclusion of membrane stresses, a sufficiently small grid size (<500 m), or subgrid interpolation of the grounding line. The latter still requires nominal grid sizes of <5 km. For larger grid spacings, appropriate parameterizations for ice flux may be imposed at the grounding line, but the short-time transient behaviour is then incorrect and different from models that do not incorporate grounding-line parameterizations. The numerical error associated with predicting grounding-line motion can be reduced significantly below the errors associated with parameter ignorance and uncertainties in future scenarios.

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