|Improving integration for integrated coastal zone management: an eight country study|Portman, M.E.; Esteves, L.S.; Le, X.Q.; Khan, A.Z. (2012). Improving integration for integrated coastal zone management: an eight country study. Sci. Total Environ. 439: 194-201. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.09.016
In: Science of the Total Environment. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 0048-9697, more
Coastal Zone Management; Integration mechanisms; Policy-making;Institutional success; Sustainable development; Qualitative comparativeanalysis
|Authors|| || Top |
- Portman, M.E.
- Esteves, L.S.
- Le, X.Q., more
- Khan, A.Z., more
Integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) is a widely accepted approach for sustainable management of the coastal environment. ICZM emphasizes integration across sectors, levels of government, uses, stakeholders, and spatial and temporal scales. While improving integration is central to progress in ICZM, the role of and the achievement of integration remain understudied. To further study these two points, our research analyzes the performance of specific mechanisms used to support ICZM in eight countries (Belgium, India, Israel, Italy, Portugal, Sweden, UK, and Vietnam). The assessment is based on a qualitative comparative analysis conducted through the use of two surveys. It focuses on five ICZM mechanisms (environmental impact assessment; planning hierarchy; setback lines; marine spatial planning, and regulatory commission) and their role in improving integration. Our findings indicate that certain mechanisms enhance specific types of integration more effectively than others. Environmental impact assessment enhances science-policy integration and can be useful to integrate knowledge across sectors. Planning hierarchy and regulatory commissions are effective mechanisms to integrate policies across government levels, with the latter also promoting public-government integration. Setback lines can be applied to enhance integration across landscape units. Marine spatial planning is a multi-faceted mechanism with the potential to promote all types of integration. Policy-makers should adopt the mechanisms that are suited to the type of integration needed. Results of this study also contribute to evidence-based coastal management by identifying the most common impediments related to the mechanisms of integration in the eight studied countries.