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Harpacticoid copepod colonization of coral fragments in a tropical reef lagoon (Zanzibar, Tanzania)
Callens, M.; Gheerardyn, H.; Ndaro, S.G.M.; De Troch, M.; Vanreusel, A. (2012). Harpacticoid copepod colonization of coral fragments in a tropical reef lagoon (Zanzibar, Tanzania). J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 92(7): 1535-1545. dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315411001597
In: Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press/Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom: Cambridge. ISSN 0025-3154, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 265639 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Harpacticoida [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    dead coral substrates; harpacticoid copepods; community structure;colonization experiments; temporal dynamics; Indian Ocean

Authors  Top 
  • Callens, M., more
  • Gheerardyn, H., more
  • Ndaro, S.G.M.
  • De Troch, M., more
  • Vanreusel, A., more

Abstract
    Colonization experiments were conducted in a tropical lagoon (Zanzibar Island, off the coast of Tanzania) to investigate the temporal dynamics and mode of colonization of the harpacticoid copepods community on dead coral fragments. There was fast colonization of the coral fragments attaining a substantial diversity after only two days. The ability to colonize dead coral fragments is thought to be related to the morphology and life style of different harpacticoid species. Phytal taxa (e.g. Tisbidae) were fast colonizers, reaching high abundances during the initial colonization phase. Sediment-associated and eurytopic taxa (e.g. Ameiridae, Miraciidae and Ectinosomatidae) showed lower colonization rates and became the dominant group during the later colonization phase. Most species are able to colonize the coral fragments through the water column. However, colonization along the substrate surface is also considered to be an important colonization mode, especially for sediment-associated taxa, which showed lower colonization rates when migration through the sediment was hindered.

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