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Biological characteristics of the improved extensive shrimp system in the Mekong delta of Vietnam
Tho, N.; Merckx, R.; Ut, V.N. (2012). Biological characteristics of the improved extensive shrimp system in the Mekong delta of Vietnam. Aquac. Res. 43(4): 526-537. dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2011.02858.x
In: Aquaculture Research. Blackwell: Oxford. ISSN 1355-557X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 279156 [ OMA ]

Keyword
Author keywords
    bacteria; Mekong delta; phytoplankton; shrimp; zoobenthos; zooplankton

Authors  Top 
  • Tho, N.
  • Merckx, R., more
  • Ut, V.N.

Abstract
    Low and unstable shrimp yields of the improved extensive shrimp system has been a tremendous obstacle for economic development in the coastal areas of Southern Vietnam. To investigate the biological characteristics of this system, ponds in the coastal Cai Nuoc district, Mekong delta of Vietnam, were monitored. Results showed that the system was not optimal for shrimp. While chlorophyll a (chl a) (1.51–37.2 µg L-1), phytoplankton density (6333–974 444 cells L-1) and zooplankton density (7.1–517.2 ind L-1) were abundant and comparable to shrimp farms elsewhere, zoobenthic community was very poor (7–1971 ind m-2). Toxin-producing cyanobacteria (Oscillatoria limosa, Oscillatoria formosa, Anabaena sp. and Phormidium tenue) were found. Total bacteria and Vibrios were present in large numbers (respectively 1.04 × 105 and 6.64 × 102 CFU mL-1 in pond water, 6.33 × 105 and 9.47 × 103 CFU g-1 in sediment). Presence of toxin-producing organisms, poor zoobenthic community and abundance of Vibrios all can enhance shrimp susceptibility to diseases. The following measures are recommended to improve the situation: (1) complete testing of seeds for pathogens, (2) not to incorporate fish into shrimp ponds and (3) applying no-culture breaks and pathogen-killing chemicals.

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