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Trade-offs between environmental protection and economic development in China's fisheries policy: A political analysis on the adoption and implementation of the Fisheries Law 2000
Ferraro, G.; Brans, M. (2012). Trade-offs between environmental protection and economic development in China's fisheries policy: A political analysis on the adoption and implementation of the Fisheries Law 2000. Nat. Resour. Forum 36(1): 38-49. dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-8947.2012.01443.x
In: Natural Resources Forum: a United Nations Sustainable Development Journal. Blackwell: Oxford. ISSN 0165-0203, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 257862 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Sustainable development; fisheries policy; China

Authors  Top 

Abstract
    The Rio Declaration of 1992 called for states to integrate environmental protection in their process of development in order to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development (Principle 4). The paper investigates to what extent the People's Republic of China (PRC) has integrated environmental protection into her fisheries policy. The environment/development nexus is analysed in relation to the adoption and implementation of the Fisheries Law of 2000. Official documents and, more importantly, interviews conducted in several organizations at multiple levels of governance disclose a complex reality beyond the formal commitment to sustainable fisheries. Diverging interests, goals and strategies can be traced beyond formal policy documents in Beijing, Guangdong and between the Centre and the Province. Inter-organizational divergences at the central and local levels, as well as between them, hinder the pursuit of environmental protection in the development of China's fisheries sector. The paper highlights the political complexity of pursuing more responsible fisheries in the multi-actor and multi-level political-administrative system of the PRC. Here, as well as in many other developing countries, economic development constitutes the policy priority. Environmental protection often remains not only an ambitious objective but also an unperceived need.

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