|Water management in the framework of environmental management systems in Bulgarian seaports|Le, Q.X.; Hens, L.; Stoyanov, S. (2011). Water management in the framework of environmental management systems in Bulgarian seaports. Phys. Chem. Earth, Parts A 36(5-6): 141-149. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.pce.2010.05.004
In: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. A. Solid Earth and Geodesy. Pergamon: Oxford. ISSN 1464-1895, more
EMS; Seaport; Environmental policy; Significant environmental aspect; Bourgas; Varna
Seaports or harbours are major hub of economic activities, connecting sea routes with the hinterland via rail, road and inland waterway. At the same time, they are hubs of environmental issues, resulting from its diversified operations involving vessels, machines, vehicles and industries. The Black Sea Commission in 2007 pointed out that water pollution at the ports around Black Sea, including the ports of Bourgas and Varna, poses a great threat to the overall water quality of the Black Sea and the quality of the Mediterranean Sea. The two ports, and their facilities, are the black spots of pollution that need immediate intervention to safeguard the Black Sea. The first steps of an environmental management system were implemented at both ports. Environmental protection objectives are identified and initial actions are being implemented. However, assessment of the environmental performance of both ports based on concrete indicators was not done. Further efforts are needed to advance the environmental management system to contribute more to the protection of the Mediterranean and Black Sea region.