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The Earth's Cryosphere and Sea Level Change
Bengtsson, L.; Koumoutsaris, S.; Bonnet, R.-M.; Herland, E.-A.; Huybrechts, P.; Johannessen, O.M.; Milne, G.; Oerlemans, J.; Ohmura, A.; Ramstein, G.; Woodworth, P. (2012). The Earth's Cryosphere and Sea Level Change. Previously published in Surveys in Geophysics, Volume 32, Nos. 4-5, 2011. Space Sciences Series of ISSI, 40. Springer: Berlin. ISBN 978-94-007-2062-6. VII, 343 pp.
Part of: Space Sciences Series of ISSI. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 1385-7525, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Meteorology and Climatology MET.66 [258519]

Keywords
    Climatic changes; Cryosphere; Land ice; Mean sea level; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Bengtsson, L., editor
  • Koumoutsaris, S., editor
  • Bonnet, R.-M., editor
  • Herland, E.-A., editor
  • Huybrechts, P., more
  • Johannessen, O.M., editor
  • Milne, G., editor
  • Oerlemans, J., editor
  • Ohmura, A., editor
  • Ramstein, G., editor
  • Woodworth, P., editor

Abstract
    This book gives a comprehensive overview of our present understanding of the Earth's cryosphere, its changes and their consequences for mean sea level changes. Since the middle of the 19th century there has been an increase of sea level height by 20-25 cm. Some 10 cm of this is due to net losses from glaciers, the remainder being due to mass losses from land ice and thermal expansion of the oceans. The mean sea level rise is slowly accelerating; at present it is some 3 mm/year. Recent space observations made by the GRACE satellite combined with ocean temperature and volume measurements have enabled the separate contributions to sea level rise from melting ice and from thermal expansion to be better estimated. The estimation of mean sea level change is complicated by changes in land level due to tectonic effects and to ongoing changes following the most recent major glaciation. The book gives an up-to-date survey of our present knowledge of this crucial subject.

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