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Physico-chemical characteristics of the improved extensive shrimp farming system in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam
Tho, N.; Ut, V.N.; Merckx, R. (2011). Physico-chemical characteristics of the improved extensive shrimp farming system in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Aquac. Res. 42(11): 1600-1614. dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2010.02750.x
In: Aquaculture Research. Blackwell: Oxford. ISSN 1355-557X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 279083 [ OMA ]

Author keywords
    improved extensive shrimp farming; Mekong Delta; physico-chemicalcharacteristics; sediment characteristics; water quality

Authors  Top 
  • Tho, N.
  • Ut, V.N.
  • Merckx, R., more

Abstract
    Consecutive failure of the improved extensive shrimp farming system has deterred the economy of some coastal areas in Vietnam. To investigate pond physico-chemical characteristics, a monitoring scheme was performed in the Cai Nuoc district of Southern Vietnam. Results show that the system was not optimal for shrimps. While ponds were not contaminated by organic loadings or major nutrients (N, P) and salinity and pH were most optimal for shrimp, more than 37% of dissolved oxygen (DO) measurements were lower than recommended. In the early morning hours, DO measurements were even much lower (0.84–2.20 mg L-1). Sulphate (SO42-) concentrations were most within the acceptable range. Total suspended solids (TSS) were above the acceptable limit (<50 mg L-1). Iron, alkalinity and hydrogen sulphide were also higher than recommended. Pond sediment was anaerobic (redox potential -422 to -105 mV) and contained high amounts of organic matter (9.84–21.96%). Lethal DO levels, high TSS and anoxic sediment are the drawbacks in this system. Suggested measures to improve pond conditions are (1) allowing sedimentation before filling culture ponds, (2) covering dikes, (3) including no-culture breaks between shrimp crops, (4) drying pond bottom, (5) removing sediment and (6) controlling pond's vegetation.

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