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Quality assessment of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis): Comparison between commercial and wild types
De Witte, B.; Devriese, L.; Bekaert, K.; Hoffman, S.; Vandermeersch, G.; Cooreman, K.; Robbens, J. (2014). Quality assessment of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis): Comparison between commercial and wild types. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 85(1): 146-155. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.06.006
In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. Macmillan: London. ISSN 0025-326X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 258584 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Mussels; PCB; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; Escherichia coli Castellani & Chalmers, 1919 [WoRMS]; Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    PAH; Microplastics

Authors  Top 
  • Vandermeersch, G., more
  • Cooreman, K., more
  • Robbens, J., more

Abstract
    This study compared species identity, microplastics, chemical and microbial contamination between consumption mussels and wild type mussels, collected at Belgian department stores and Belgian groynes and quaysides, respectively. Species identification based on genetic analysis showed a high number of Mytilus (M.) edulis compared to M. galloprovincialis and M. edulis/galloprovincialis hybrid mussels. The number of total microplastics varied from 2.6 to 5.1 fibres/10 g of mussel. A higher prevalence of orange fibres at quaysides is related to fisheries activities. Chemical contamination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorobiphenyls could be related to industrial activities and water turbidity, with maximum concentrations at the quayside of port Zeebrugge. The inverse was noted for Escherichia coli contamination, which was relatively low at Zeebrugge quayside with a total count of 3.9 × 102 CFU/100 g tissue, due to limited agricultural effluents. Results of this complementary analysis stress the importance of integrated monitoring and quality assessment.

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