|Benthic invertebrate community responses to round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) and zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) invasion in southern Lake Michigan|Kuhns, L.A.; Berg, M.B. (1999). Benthic invertebrate community responses to round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) and zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) invasion in southern Lake Michigan. J. Great Lakes Res. 25(4): 910–917. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/S0380-1330(99)70788-4
In: Journal of Great Lakes Research. IAGLR/International Association for Great Lakes Research: Buffalo. ISSN 0380-1330, more
Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) [WoRMS]; Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas, 1814) [WoRMS]; USA, Michigan L. [Marine Regions]; Marine; Brackish water
benthic invertebrates; Round goby; Zebra mussel
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The round goby (Neogobius melanostomus Pallas), a fish native to eastern Europe, recently has become established in southwestern Lake Michigan. Because round gobies prey on zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha Pallas) and other benthic invertebrates, the effects of round gobies on invertebrates within zebra mussel colonies was investigated. Using a 2 × 3 factorial design, the effects of round gobies (present or absent) and zebra mussel densities (zero, low, and high) on non-mussel invertebrates was examined. Ten ceramic tiles of each mussel density were colonized in the laboratory and then anchored in Calumet Harbor, IL for 10 weeks. Round gobies had access to half the tiles while half were covered with coarse mesh screening that excluded round gobies, but allowed invertebrates to move into and out of the exclosures. Low and high zebra mussel density tiles supported significantly greater numbers of non-mussel invertebrates (p < 0.001) than zero density tiles, particularly amphipods (p < 0.001), hydroptilid caddisflies (p < 0.05), isopods (p < 0.05), and chironomids (p < 0.001). Chlorophyll a concentrations were highest (p < 0.001) at low zebra mussel densities. The presence of round gobies significantly reduced densities of total non-mussel invertebrates (p < 0.01) and leptocerid caddisflies (p < 0.05), resulting in a significant increase in chlorophyll a (p < 0.01) concentrations. A significant zebra mussel density x round goby interaction showed that total invertebrate biomass responded positively to the combined effect of high zebra mussel density and round goby absence. These results demonstrate that round gobies and zebra mussels are altering benthic invertebrate community structure and algal resources in nearshore rocky areas of southwestern Lake Michigan.