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Isolation, characterization and localization of extracellular polymeric substances from the cyanobacterium Arthrospira platensis strain MMG-9
Ahmed, M.; Wijnholds, A.; Stal, L.J.; Hasnain, S. (2014). Isolation, characterization and localization of extracellular polymeric substances from the cyanobacterium Arthrospira platensis strain MMG-9. Eur. J. Phycol. 49(2): 143-150. dx.doi.org/10.1080/09670262.2014.895048
In: European Journal of Phycology. Cambridge University Press/Taylor & Francis: Cambridge. ISSN 0967-0262, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Arthrospira platensis Gomont, 1892 [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    monosaccharide analysis; extracellular polymeric substances; confocallaser scanning microscopy; lectins; Arthrospira platensis

Authors  Top 
  • Ahmed, M.
  • Wijnholds, A., more
  • Stal, L.J., more
  • Hasnain, S.

Abstract
    Arthrospira platensis is a cyanobacterium known for its nutritional value and secondary metabolites. Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) are an important trait of most cyanobacteria, including A. platensis. Here, we extracted and analysed different fractions of EPS from a locally isolated strain of A. platensis. Three different fractions of EPS were distinguished. These were EPS released into the medium (REPS), EPS loosely bound to the organism (LEPS) and EPS tightly bound to the organism (TEPS), which were extracted by different procedures. The LEPS fraction was smaller than the other two fractions. The EPS of A. platensis exhibited high diversity. Total protein and carbohydrate content was determined in each of these fractions. The largest amount of total carbohydrates and total proteins was in the TEPS fraction. Eight sugar moieties were detected and analysed in all EPS fractions using HPAE-PAD. Fructose, mannose and ribose were rare sugar residues in all fractions of EPS. With the exception of fructose, all sugars tested for were detected in TEPS. The amount of sugars detected was significantly higher in TEPS compared with the two other fractions, especially for galactose, xylose and glucose. The EPS were localized by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) after staining with different fluorescent dyes and it was found that A. platensis possessed a thick and smooth layer of EPS around the spiral trichomes.

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