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Effects of PCDDs, PCDFs and PCBs in common tern (Sterna hirundo) breeding in estuarine and coastal colonies in the Netherlands and Belgium
Bosveld, A.T.C.; Gradener, J.; Murk, A.J.; Brouwer, A.; van Kampen, M.; Evers, E.H.G.; Van Den Berg, M. (1995). Effects of PCDDs, PCDFs and PCBs in common tern (Sterna hirundo) breeding in estuarine and coastal colonies in the Netherlands and Belgium. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 14(1): 99-115. hdl.handle.net/10.1002/etc.5620140112
In: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. Setac Press: New York. ISSN 0730-7268, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 262408 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Breeding; Eggs; Aves [WoRMS]; Sterna hirundo Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; ANE, Belgium, Brugge, Zeebrugge [Marine Regions]; Marine
Author keywords
    Bird; Dioxin; PCB; Cytochrome P4501A; Effects

Authors  Top 
  • Bosveld, A.T.C.
  • Gradener, J.
  • Murk, A.J.
  • Brouwer, A.
  • van Kampen, M.
  • Evers, E.H.G., more
  • Van Den Berg, M.

Abstract
    In 1991, eggs of the common tern (Sterna hirundo) were collected at eight different locations and incubated artificially. The residual yolk sacs of the hatchlings from the highly polluted colonies, located in the main sedimentation area of the Rhine and Meuse rivers, contained on average 16 ng TEQ (toxicity equivalency) per gram lipid, which was fivefold higher than the concentrations in the reference colony. The hepatic EROD activity was induced fourfold compared to the reference colony (p < 0.005). At the individual level, a significant relationship was found between log TEQ and both log EROD and log PROD (r = 0.568, p < 0.05 and r = 0.661, p < 0.02, respectively). Average TEQ concentration in chicks that hatched after 23 d of incubation were twice the concentration of those that hatched after 21 d (p < 0.05). No concentration-related effects on morphology and physiology were found. The non-ortho- and mono-ortho-PCBs were predominant regarding the total TEQ, while the PCDDs and PCDFs contributed less than 10%. The PCB patterns were highly similar among the individual birds and among different locations. In contrast, PCDD and PCDF patterns were not similar at all locations, and two distinct patterns could be recognized and related to sediments that were deposited during different time periods.

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