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Pleistocene carbonate sediment waves, Great Australian Bight - influence of dense water currents and the benthic fauna
Anderskouv, K.; Surlyk, F.; Huuse, M.; Lykke-Andersen, H.; Bjerager, M.; Tang, C.D. (2010). Pleistocene carbonate sediment waves, Great Australian Bight - influence of dense water currents and the benthic fauna. Geo-Temas 11: 13-14
In: Geo-Temas. Sociedad Geológica de España: Madrid. ISSN 1576-5172, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Sediment waves, dense water cascades, cool water carbonates, Great Australian Bight, Pleistocene

Authors  Top 
  • Anderskouv, K.
  • Surlyk, F.
  • Huuse, M.
  • Lykke-Andersen, H.
  • Bjerager, M.
  • Tang, C.D.

Abstract
    Low ridges composed of fine-grained carbonate ooze with in-place bryozoans in the Pleistocene of the Great Australian Bight (GAB), were drilled during ODP leg 182 in 1998, and interpreted as biogenic reef mounds. New high-quality seismic and multibeam bathymetry data, acquired during the Galathea 3 expedition in 2006, led to a reinterpretation of the ‘reef mounds’ as sediment waves formed under the influence of off-shelf bottom currents. The currents are interpreted as dense water cascades formed by summer evaporation and strong winter cooling, possibly influenced by resuspension of fine-grained material during storms, by analogy with oceanographic processes in the present day GAB. The lithological composition varied with climate and sea level, but wave formation cannot be assigned to specific time intervals. Bryozoans influenced the depositional environment by adding sediment, trapping fine-grained particles, and stabilizing the muddy sea floor. This caused the sediment waves to gain a more prominent sea floor relief than muddy siliciclastic sediment waves. The interpretation of the waves as purely biogenic build-ups is rejected, and the waves are most appropriately described as biogenically influenced sediment waves. The study thus adds to the understanding of the interaction between bottom currents, sediment waves, and the benthic fauna.

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