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Emplacement of Antarctic ice sheet mass affects circumpolar ocean flow
Rugenstein, M.; Stocchi, P.; van der Heydt, A.; Brinkhuis, H. (2014). Emplacement of Antarctic ice sheet mass affects circumpolar ocean flow. Global Planet. Change 118: 16-24. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2014.03.011
In: Global and Planetary Change. Elsevier: Amsterdam; New York; Oxford; Tokyo. ISSN 0921-8181, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Antarctic ice sheet; Ice load; Southern Ocean; Eocene–Oligocene; Frontal shifts

Authors  Top 
  • Rugenstein, M.
  • Stocchi, P., more
  • van der Heydt, A.
  • Brinkhuis, H., more

Abstract
    During the Cenozoic the Antarctic continent experienced large fluctuations in ice-sheet volume. We investigate the effects of Glacial Isostatic Adjustment (GIA) on Southern Ocean circulation for the first continental scale glaciation of Antarctica (~ 34 Myr) by combining solid Earth and ocean dynamic modeling. A newly compiled global early Oligocene topography is used to run a solid Earth model forced by a growing Antarctic ice sheet. A regional Southern Ocean zonal isopycnal adiabatic ocean model is run under ice-free and fully glaciated (GIA) conditions. We find that GIA-induced deformations of the sea bottom on the order of 50 m are large enough to affect the pressure and density variations driving the ocean flow around Antarctica. Throughout the Southern Ocean, frontal patterns are shifted several degrees, velocity changes are regionally more than 100%, and the zonal transport decreases in mean and variability. The model analysis suggests that GIA induced ocean flow variations alone could impact local nutrient variability, erosion and sedimentation rates, or ocean heat transport. These effects may be large enough to require consideration when interpreting the results of Southern Ocean sediment cores.

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