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The ecology of Ruppia-dominated communities in western Europe: II. Synecological classification. Structure and dynamics of the macroflora and macrofauna communities
Verhoeven, J.T.A. (1980). The ecology of Ruppia-dominated communities in western Europe: II. Synecological classification. Structure and dynamics of the macroflora and macrofauna communities. Aquat. Bot. 8: 1-85. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/0304-3770(80)90044-3
In: Aquatic Botany. Elsevier Science: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0304-3770, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Ruppia Linnaeus, 1753 [WoRMS]; Brackish water

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  • Verhoeven, J.T.A.

Abstract
    In this paper the structure and dynamics of macroflora and macrofauna communities dominated by the genus Ruppia are treated. The aquatic plant communities were classified according to the methods of the Zürich-Montpellier School. In the Mediterranean region as well as in N.W. Europe, two plant associations were distinguished, one dominated by Ruppia maritima L., the other by R. cirrhosa (Petagna) Grande. In the Mediterranean region the communities in temporary ponds and marshes were classified in the Rupitum brevirostris, that could be subdivided into three subassociations occurring under different salinity conditions, whereas the communities in the permanent ponds and in the extensive lagoons were classified in the Cladophoro-Ruppietum cirrhosae, in which four subassociations were distinguished. In N.W. Europe, two subassociations of the Ruppietum maritimae and two of the Ruppietum cirrhosae have a local distribution along the coasts of the inner Baltic, whereas a number of other subassociations of both the Ruppietum maritimae and the Ruppietum cirrhosae are more generally distributed in ponds and lakes along the N.W. European coasts.

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