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Onset of Mediterranean Outflow into the North Atlantic
Hernández-Molina, F.J.; Stow, D.A.V.; Alvarez-Zarikian, C.A.; Acton, G.D.; Bahr, A.; Balestra, B.; Ducassou, E.; Flood, R.; Flores, J.A.; Furota, S.; Grunert, P.; Hodell, D.A.; Jimenez-Espejo, F.; Kim, J.K.; Krissek, L.; Kuroda, J.; Li, B.; Llave, E.; Lourens, L.J.; Miller, M.; Nanayama, F.; Nishida, N.; Richter, C.; Roque, C.; Pereira, H.; Sanchez Goñi, M.F.; Sierro, F.J.; Singh, A.D.; Sloss, C.; Takashimizu, Y.; Tzanova, A.; Voelker, A.; Williams, T.; Xuan, C. (2014). Onset of Mediterranean Outflow into the North Atlantic, in: Van Rooij, D. et al. (Ed.) Book of Abstracts. 2nd Deep-Water Circulation Congress: The Contourite Log-book. Ghent, Belgium, 10-12 September 2014. VLIZ Special Publication, 69: pp. 97-98
In: Van Rooij, D.; Rüggeberg, A. (Ed.) (2014). Book of Abstracts. 2nd Deep-Water Circulation Congress: The Contourite Log-book. Ghent, Belgium, 10-12 September 2014. VLIZ Special Publication, 69. Ghent University, Department of Geology and Soil Science/Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ): Oostende. xviii, 152 pp., more
In: VLIZ Special Publication. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. ISSN 1377-0950, more

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Keywords
Author keywords
    IODP Expedition 339; Mediterranean Outflow Water; Global thermohaline circulation; Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation

Authors  Top 
  • Hernández-Molina, F.J.
  • Stow, D.A.V.
  • Alvarez-Zarikian, C.A.
  • Acton, G.D.
  • Bahr, A.
  • Balestra, B.
  • Ducassou, E.
  • Flood, R.
  • Flores, J.A.
  • Furota, S.
  • Grunert, P.
  • Hodell, D.A.
  • Jimenez-Espejo, F.
  • Kim, J.K.
  • Krissek, L.
  • Kuroda, J.
  • Li, B.
  • Llave, E.
  • Lourens, L.J.
  • Miller, M.
  • Nanayama, F.
  • Nishida, N.
  • Richter, C.
  • Roque, C.
  • Pereira, H.
  • Sanchez Goñi, M.F.
  • Sierro, F.J.
  • Singh, A.D.
  • Sloss, C.
  • Takashimizu, Y.
  • Tzanova, A.
  • Voelker, A.
  • Williams, T.
  • Xuan, C.

Abstract
    Sediments cored along the southwestern Iberian margin during Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Expedition 339 provide constraints on Mediterranean Outflow Water (MOW) circulation patterns from the Pliocene epoch to the present day. After the Strait of Gibraltar opened (5.33 million years ago), a limited volume of MOW entered the Atlantic. Depositional hiatuses indicate erosion by bottom currents related to higher volumes of MOW circulating into the North Atlantic, beginning in the late Pliocene. The hiatuses coincide with regional tectonic events and changes in global thermohaline circulation (THC). This suggests that MOW influenced Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), THC, and climatic shifts by contributing a component of warm, saline water to northern latitudes while in turn being influenced by plate tectonics.

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