|NPZ models of plankton dynamics: their construction, coupling to physics, and application|In: Journal of Oceanography. Springer: Tokyo; London; Dordrecht; Boston. ISSN 0916-8370, more
NPZ models; plankton models; physical-biological models; plankton ecosystem models
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Nutrient-phytoplankton-zooplankton (NPZ) models have been in use in oceanography for at least three decades, and are still a common research tool. Given the discoveries of the last two decades, particularly concerning the role of bacteria in the plankton, there are questions as to whether NPZ models can still be supported as a useful tool in planktonic research. Here I review the construction of NPZ models, and some of the physical platforms they have been coupled to. I then discuss the applications of NPZ-physical models, and conclude that they still constitute an important and viable research tool, provided that the questions being explored are clearly stated.