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Evidences for a Paleocene marine incursion in southern Amazonia (Madre de Dios Sub-Andean Zone, Peru)
Louterbach, M.; Roddaz, M.; Bailleul, J.; Antoine, P.O.; Adnet, S.; Kim, J.H.; van Soelen, E.E.; Parra, F.; Gérard, J.; Calderon, Y.; Gagnaison, C.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Baby, P. (2014). Evidences for a Paleocene marine incursion in southern Amazonia (Madre de Dios Sub-Andean Zone, Peru). Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 414: 451–471.
In: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Elsevier: Amsterdam; Tokyo; Oxford; New York. ISSN 0031-0182, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Author keywords
    Paleogene; Marine incursion; Amazonian foreland basin; Tidal deposits; Madre de Dios basin; Peru

Authors  Top 
  • Louterbach, M.
  • Roddaz, M.
  • Bailleul, J.
  • Antoine, P.O.
  • Adnet, S.
  • Kim, J.H., more
  • van Soelen, E.E., more
  • Parra, F.
  • Gérard, J.
  • Calderon, Y.
  • Gagnaison, C.
  • Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., more
  • Baby, P.

    This article presents new biostratigraphic dating, facies analysis, organic geochemical data and Nd–Sr isotopic provenance from five outcrops of southern Amazonia (MD-85, MD-177 MD-184, MD-255 and MD-256) to document for the first time the presence of a shallow marine ingression in the Paleocene of southern Amazonia basin. The co-occurrence of a selachian assemblage encompassing Potobatis sp., Ouledia sp., and Pristidae indet. with the ostracod Protobuntonia sp. and the charophytes Peckichara cf. varians meridionalis, Platychara perlata, and Feistiella cf. gildemeisteri suggests a Paleocene age for the studied deposits (most likely Thanetian but potentially Danian). Fifteen facies have been recognized and have been grouped into three facies assemblages. Facies association A corresponds to the sedimentary filling of a tide-influenced meandering channel formed in the fluvial–tidal transition zone. Facies association B is related to more distal tidal-flats, little channelized tidal inlets and saltmarsh deposits. Facies association C corresponds to a stressed shallow marine environment such as a bay or a lagoon. The d13CTOC value (- 23.4‰) of MD-184 is enriched in 13C compared to the other samples suggesting the presence of substantial amounts of marine organic matter in MD-184. The d13CTOC values of samples from other outcrops (- 27.3 to - 29.8‰) indicate a mixed organic matter origin, from terrestrial to brackish environments. The analyzed sediments have similar Nd–Sr isotopic compositions as those of the Cenozoic sediments of the Altiplano (eNd(0) values from - 6.2 to - 10.7 and 87Sr/86Sr compositions from 0.712024 to 0.719026) indicating a similar volcanic source. This multidisciplinary dataset documents the presence of a tide-dominated estuary sourced by the proto-Western Cordillera debouching into a shallow marine bay during Paleocene times. This transgression might be explained by subsidence created in response to the proto-Western Cordillera loading. Similar to Miocene marine incursions affecting the Pebas megawetland, Paleogene marine incursions in the Amazonian foreland basin associated with Andean uplift may have played a role in the Neotropical biodiversity dynamics in favoring biogeographical isolation and promoting allopatric speciation for terrestrial organisms.

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