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Rapid longitudinal migrations of the filament front off Namibia (SE Atlantic) during the past 70 kyr
Romero, O.E.; Crosta, X.; Kim, J.-H.; Pichevin, L.; Crespin, J. (2015). Rapid longitudinal migrations of the filament front off Namibia (SE Atlantic) during the past 70 kyr. Global Planet. Change 125: 1-12. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2014.12.001
In: Global and Planetary Change. Elsevier: Amsterdam; New York; Oxford; Tokyo. ISSN 0921-8181, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Bacillariophyceae [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Benguela; Diatoms; Millennial and submillennial time scale; Productivity; Sea-surface temperature; SW Atlantic; Upwelling filaments

Authors  Top 
  • Romero, O.E.
  • Crosta, X.
  • Kim, J.-H., more
  • Pichevin, L.
  • Crespin, J.

Abstract
    Although productivity variations in coastal upwelling areas are mostly attributed to changes in wind strength, productivity dynamics in the Benguela Upwelling System (BUS) is less straightforward due to its complex atmospheric and hydrographic settings. In view of these settings, past productivity variations in the BUS can be better investigated with downcore sediments representing different productivity regimes. In this study, two sediment cores retrieved at ca. 25°–26°S in the BUS and representing different productivity regimes were studied. By using micropaleontological, geochemical and temperature proxies measured on core MD96-2098, recovered at 2910 m water depth in the bathypelagic zone at 26°S off Namibia, variations of filament front location, productivity and temperature in the central BUS over the past 70 kyr were reconstructed. The comparison with newly-generated alkenone-based sea-surface temperature (SST) and previously obtained data at site GeoB3606-1 (~ 25°S; ca. 50 km shoreward from MD96-2098) allowed the recognition of four main phases: (1) upwelling front above the mid slope (70 kyr–44 kyr), (2) seaward displacement of the upwelling front beyond the mid slope (44 kyr–31 kyr), (3) main upwelling front over the hemipelagial (31 kyr–19 kyr), and (4) shoreward contraction of the upwelling filament, and decreased upwelling strength over most of the uppermost bathypelagic (19 kyr–6 kyr). The latitudinal migration of the Southern Hemisphere westerlies and the consequent contractions and expansions of the subpolar gyre played a significant role in millennial and submillennial variability of SST off Namibia. The strength of the southeasterly trade winds, rapid sea-level variations and the equatorward leakage of Antarctic silicate might have acted as amplifiers. Although late Quaternary variations of productivity and upwelling intensity in eastern boundary current systems are thought to be primarily linked to the variability in wind stress, this multi-parameter reconstruction shows that interplaying mechanisms defined the temporal variation pattern of the filament front migrations and the diatom production off Namibia during the past 70 kyr.

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