|Spread of Cyclope neritea (Mollusca: Gastropoda) along the north-eastern Atlantic coasts in relation to oyster culture and to climatic fluctuations|Sauriau, P.-G. (1991). Spread of Cyclope neritea (Mollusca: Gastropoda) along the north-eastern Atlantic coasts in relation to oyster culture and to climatic fluctuations. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 109(2): 299-309. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/BF01319398
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
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The geographic distribution ofCyclope neritea (Linné) (Mollusca: Gastropoda) along the Atlantic coasts of Portugal, Spain and France is reported. Analysis of information published over the last 90 yr indicates that, since 1983,C. neritea has extended its range northwards from Arcachon Bay along the coast of the Bay of Biscay. The spread of this small gastropod is directly related to the commercial transport of the Pacific cup oyster (Crassostrea gigas Thunberg) to the Atlantic from Mediterranean oyster-culture sites, and to its encountering climatic conditions suitable for its settlement and reproduction in its new habitat. Its transport by human intervention explains the rapid spread ofCyclope neritea during 1983 and 1984, despite its lack of a planktonic stage or of effective natural migration by adults. Climatic conditions in the southern parts of the Bay of Biscay are similar to those of the French Mediterranean lagoons, explaining the easy acclimatization of this eurythermic gastropod. Also, coastal air and sea-surface temperature records over the last two decades (1971–1988) have revealed a slight warming of the southern parts of the Bay of Biscay. This has resulted in a more strongly marked latitudinal thermal gradient along the Bay of Biscay and has furthered survival and reproduction ofCyclope neritea emigrants. A detailed analysis of commercial supplies of cup oysters to the Bay of Biscay from the Mediterranean coast indicates that theC. neritea emigrants undoubtedly originated from the salt-water lagoons of Salse-Leucate and Thau (French Mediterranean coast).