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Has upwelling strengthened along worldwide coasts over 1982-2010?
Varela, R.; Álvarez, I.; Santos, F.; de Castro, M.; Gómez-Gesteira, M. (2015). Has upwelling strengthened along worldwide coasts over 1982-2010? NPG Scientific Reports 5(10016): 15 pp. hdl.handle.net/10.1038/srep10016
In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group). Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2045-2322, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Physical oceanography; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Varela, R.
  • Álvarez, I.
  • Santos, F.
  • de Castro, M.
  • Gómez-Gesteira, M.

Abstract
    Changes in coastal upwelling strength have been widely studied since 1990 when Bakun proposed that global warming can induce the intensification of upwelling in coastal areas. Whether present wind trends support this hypothesis remains controversial, as results of previous studies seem to depend on the study area, the length of the time series, the season, and even the database used. In this study, temporal and spatial trends in the coastal upwelling regime worldwide were investigated during upwelling seasons from 1982 to 2010 using a single wind database (Climate Forecast System Reanalysis) with high spatial resolution (0.3°). Of the major upwelling systems, increasing trends were only observed in the coastal areas of Benguela, Peru, Canary, and northern California. A tendency for an increase in upwelling-favourable winds was also identified along several less studied regions, such as the western Australian and southern Caribbean coasts.

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