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Detecting and correcting pipeline leaks before they become a big problem
Cramer, R; Shaw, D; Tulalian, R; Angelo, P; van Stuijvenberg, M (2015). Detecting and correcting pipeline leaks before they become a big problem. Mar. Technol. Soc. J. 49(1): 31-46. hdl.handle.net/10.4031/MTSJ.49.1.1
In: Marine Technology Society Journal. Marine Technology Society (MTS): Washington, D.C.. ISSN 0025-3324, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 272101 [ OMA ]

Authors  Top 
  • Cramer, R
  • Shaw, D
  • Tulalian, R
  • Angelo, P
  • van Stuijvenberg, M

Abstract
    Timely pipeline leak detection is a significant business issue in view of a long history of catastrophic incidents and growing intolerance for such events. It is vital to flag containment loss and location quickly, credibly, and reliably for all green or brown field critical lines in order to shut down the line safely and isolate the leak. Pipelines are designed to transport hydrocarbons safely; however, leaks have severe safety, economic, environmental, and reputational effects. This paper will highlight robust, reliable, and cost-effective methods, most of which leverage real-time instrumentation, telecommunications, SCADA, DCS, and associated online leak detection applications. The purpose of this paper will be to review the underlying leak detection business issues, catalogue the functional challenges, and describe experiences with available technologies. Internal and external techniques will be described, including basic rate of change of flow and pressure, compensated mass balance, statistical, real-time transient modeling, acoustic wave sensing, fiber optic cable (distributed temperature, distributed acoustic sensing), and subsea hydrophones. The paper will also describe related credibility, deployment, organizational, and maintenance issues with an emphasis on upstream applications. The scope will include leak detection for pipelines conveying various flowing fluids—gas, liquid, and multiphase flow. Pipeline environments will include subsea and onshore. Advantages, disadvantages, and experiences with these techniques will be described and analyzed.

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