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Eukaryotic pathogens (Chytridiomycota and Oomycota) infecting marine microphytobenthic diatoms – a methodological comparison
Scholz, B; Kupper, C; Vyverman, W.; Karsten, U (2014). Eukaryotic pathogens (Chytridiomycota and Oomycota) infecting marine microphytobenthic diatoms – a methodological comparison. J. Phycol. 50(6): 1009-1019. dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12230
In: Journal of Phycology. Blackwell Science: New York. ISSN 0022-3646, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 279027 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Achnanthes brevipes C.Agardh, 1824 [WoRMS]; Bacillariophyceae [WoRMS]; Coscinodiscus radiatus Ehrenberg, 1840 [WoRMS]; Dimeregramma minor (Gregory) Ralfs ex Pritchard, 1861 [WoRMS]; Ectrogella Zopf, 1884 [WoRMS]; Gyrosigma peisonis (Grunow) Hustedt, 1930 [WoRMS]; Lagenisma Drebes, 1968 [WoRMS]; Navicula digitoradiata (Gregory) Ralfs, 1861 [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    benthic diatoms; CalcoFluor White; chytrids; fluoresceinisothiocyanate-labeled wheat-germ agglutinin; oomycetes; sporangia;staining methods

Authors  Top 
  • Scholz, B
  • Kupper, C
  • Vyverman, W., more
  • Karsten, U

Abstract
    Using sediment samples from the Solthörn tidal flat (southern North Sea, Germany), collected in bi-weekly intervals from June to July 2012, a range of qualitative and quantitative screening methods for oomycete and chytrid pathogens infecting benthic diatoms were evaluated. Pre-treatment of sediment samples using short ultrasound pulses and gradient centrifugation, in combination with CalcoFluor White, showed the best results in the visualization of both pathogen groups. The highest number of infected benthic diatoms was observed in mid July (5.8% of the total benthic diatom community). Most infections were caused by chytrids and, in a few cases, oomycetes (Lagenisma Drebes (host: Coscinodiscus radiatus Ehrenberg) and Ectrogella Zopf (hosts: Dimeregramma minor in Pritchard and Gyrosigma peisonis). Among the chytrids, sporangium morphology indicated the presence of five different morphotypes, infecting mainly epipelic taxa of the orders Naviculales (e.g., Navicula digitoradiata) and Achnanthales (e.g., Achnanthes brevipes Agardh). The presence of multiple pathogens in several epipelic diatom taxa suggests a significant role for fungal parasitism in affecting microphytobenthic diatom succession.

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