|Hatching and nutritional quality of Artemia cysts progressively deteriorates as a function of increased exposure to hydration/dehydration cycles|El-Magsodi, M.O.; Bossier, P.; Sorgeloos, P.; Van Stappen, G. (2014). Hatching and nutritional quality of Artemia cysts progressively deteriorates as a function of increased exposure to hydration/dehydration cycles. Aquacult. Int. 22(5): 1515-1532. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-014-9763-9
In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more
Artemia Leach, 1819 [WoRMS]
Artemia; Hydration/dehydration cycles; Energy content; Quality control;Live food; Fatty acid
Nauplii hatching from Artemia cysts are crucial in larviculture nutrition. Artemia cysts may be exposed to repeated hydration/dehydration (H/D) cycles pre-harvesting or during processing and storage. To observe the effect of these cycles on cyst quality, Artemia franciscana cysts were exposed to a comprehensive set of various H/D treatments, differing in the number of cycles (1, 2, or 3) and the duration of the freshwater hydration period (2 or 4 h). Cyst quality was assessed using the criteria of immediate relevance for aquaculture use, such as hatching percentage directly after H/D treatment and after -18 °C storage up to 1 month, longevity of axenically hatched starved nauplii, cyst and naupliar energy content, and (for the most extreme H/D treatment) cyst and naupliar fatty acid and vitamin C content. Repeated H/D cycles resulted in significantly (P < 0.05) decreased cyst hatching, reduced starved naupliar longevity and individual energy content, loss in vitamin C and fatty acid content, and moreover a close correlation between these parameters as a function of progressive H/D treatments. This is of immediate relevance for aquaculture nutrition, as commercial Artemia cysts may have gone through an unknown sequence of H/D cycles in nature or in the processing line, which affects the nutritional quality of the nauplii used in larviculture operations.