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Southern Ocean CO2 sink: the contribution of the sea ice
Delille, B.; Vancoppenolle, M; Geilfus, X; Tilbrook, B; Lannuzel, D; Schoemann, V.; Becquevort, S.; Carnat, G.; Delille, D; Lancelot, C.; Chou, L.; Dieckmann, S; Tison, J.-L. (2014). Southern Ocean CO2 sink: the contribution of the sea ice. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans(119): 6340-6355. dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC009941
In: Journal of Geophysical Research. American Geophysical Union: Richmond. ISSN 0148-0227, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 278998 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    sea ice; Antarctic; carbon dioxide; CaCO3 precipitation; NEMO-LIM3

Authors  Top 
  • Delille, B., more
  • Vancoppenolle, M
  • Geilfus, X
  • Tilbrook, B
  • Lannuzel, D
  • Schoemann, V., more
  • Becquevort, S., more
  • Carnat, G., more
  • Delille, D
  • Lancelot, C., more
  • Chou, L., more
  • Dieckmann, S
  • Tison, J.-L., more

Abstract
    We report first direct measurements of the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) within Antarctic pack sea ice brines and related CO2 fluxes across the air-ice interface. From late winter to summer, brines encased in the ice change from a CO2 large oversaturation, relative to the atmosphere, to a marked undersaturation while the underlying oceanic waters remains slightly oversaturated. The decrease from winter to summer of pCO2 in the brines is driven by dilution with melting ice, dissolution of carbonate crystals, and net primary production. As the ice warms, its permeability increases, allowing CO2 transfer at the air-sea ice interface. The sea ice changes from a transient source to a sink for atmospheric CO2. We upscale these observations to the whole Antarctic sea ice cover using the NEMO-LIM3 large-scale sea ice-ocean and provide first estimates of spring and summer CO2 uptake from the atmosphere by Antarctic sea ice. Over the spring-summer period, the Antarctic sea ice cover is a net sink of atmospheric CO2 of 0.029 Pg C, about 58% of the estimated annual uptake from the Southern Ocean. Sea ice then contributes significantly to the sink of CO2 of the Southern Ocean.

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