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Sedimentological and geomorphological imprints of Holocene tsunamis in southwestern Spain: an approach to establish the recurrence period
Ruiz, F; Rodriguez-Vidal, J; Abad, M; Caceres, M; Carretero, I; Pozo, M; Rodríguez-Llanes, J.M.; Gomez-Toscano, F; Izquierdo, T; Font, E; Toscano, A (2013). Sedimentological and geomorphological imprints of Holocene tsunamis in southwestern Spain: an approach to establish the recurrence period. Geomorphology (Amst.) 203: 97-104. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.09.008
In: Geomorphology. Elsevier: Amsterdam; New York; Oxford; Tokyo. ISSN 0169-555X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 274945 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Geomorphology; Tsunami; Recurrence; Holocene; SW Spain

Authors  Top 
  • Ruiz, F.
  • Rodriguez-Vidal, J.
  • Abad, M.
  • Caceres, L.
  • Carretero, I
  • Pozo, M
  • Rodríguez-Llanes, J.M.
  • Gomez-Toscano, F
  • Izquierdo, T
  • Font, E
  • Toscano, A

Abstract
    This paper reviews the sedimentological and geomorphological imprints of prehistoric and historical tsunamis in the four main estuaries of SW Spain. These imprints include beach erosion, filling of intertidal channels, deposition of bioclastic layers, washover fans and reworked aeolian sheets and the breaching of spits and tombolos. Most of these imprints were caused by the 218-209 BC and AD 1755 tsunamis, although evidence of other tsunamis has been identified. In these two events, effects on human populations were severe and diverse, such as human loss of life, changes in coastal settlements and international borders, damage to port infrastructure or flooding of marsh and inhabited areas. New radiocarbon reservoir data were included in order to obtain an approach to the recurrence period of these high-energy events (700-1000 years) in this area.

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